Employers are obligated to maintain a safe and secure workplace, and that includes preventing sexual harassment. It’s not only good for your employees, it’s good for you because knowing what sexual harassment is and having policies in place for preventing and dealing with it will save you a lot of headaches and costly lawsuits. Sexual harassment is prosecuted under the same federal laws used to prosecute employers for race and religious discrimination, so it's important for employers to take it just as seriously as other forms of discrimination.
Sexual harassment is any unwelcome sexual advance or conduct on the job that creates an intimidating, hostile or offensive workplace. Whether something is offensive is judged by asking whether a reasonable person should have to endure the conduct in question.
Sexual harassment can take many forms, here are some common examples:
There is a common misconception that only women can be sexually harassed by men. To the contrary, sexual harassment is gender-neutral and women can just as easily sexually harass men. In practice, however, it is most common for women to file sexual harassment complaints against men.
As for whether a gender can sexually harass someone of the same gender, it has been established that one gender can sexually harass the same gender if it is in a heterosexual way. This can occur, for example, by men sharing sexually explicit jokes which make another male coworker uncomfortable. It is still an open question, however, whether a person can successfully sue for homosexual harassment.
Fortunately, preventing sexual harassment and limiting your liability as an employer is relatively straight forward and easy:
Some states make it mandatory that certain employers conduct sexual harassment training. For example, in California, employers that have at least fifty employees are required to make their supervisors undergo sexual harassment training every two years. Many states don’t require it, but strongly encourage employers to provide sexual harassment training.
Allegations of sexual harassment can have a lasting impact on your small business and should never be taken lightly. Contact an employment attorney in your state today to help you with the investigation and the merits of any potential case.